Museum of Ho Chi Minh City

65 Ly Tu Trong, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
Email: baotangtphcm@gmail.com
Tel: 028.38.299.741
Fax: 028.38.298.250

Opening hours:
7:30am - 5:00pm
From Monday to Sunday

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Museum of Ho Chi Minh City

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Activities of Vietnam Women

 Revolution struggle (1954 - 1975)

 

The American – anti resistance of Vietnamese people lasted 21 years that Saigon – Gia Dinh people played an important role in victory of the resistance.

1.     Geneva congress

2.     The extract from the 15 th  congress  (January 1959)

3.     Uprising movements

4.     The establishment of the Southern Vietnam Liberation National Front

5.     The establishment of the Southern Vietnam Liberation troops

6.     Buddhist movement

7.     The last minutes of Nguyen Van Troi hero

8.     The American soldiers  and allied troops in the South

9.     Cu Chi tunnel

10.   Mau Than offensive

11.   Saigon urban movement

12.    Uncle Ho’s funeral in  liberated zones and Saigon

13. The establishment of the Southern Vietnam Provisional Revolutionary government and the Advice council on June 6 th 1969 at North Tay Ninh base

14.   Paris conference on January 27th 1973

15.   The Southern Vietnam Provisional Revolutionary government

16.   Ho Chi Minh campaign.

 

1.     Geneva congress

Geneva congress on ending the war in the Indochine took place on August 5 th 1954 in Geneva, Sweden with 9 participating countries including Russia, China, Vietnam, France, England, Laos, Cambodia.

             1.1. Geneva treaty signed on July 21st1954: The lasted declaration including 13 articles in which the 6 th article “The 17 th parallel was the provisional military demarcation line”.  The 7 th article: “The participating countries recognized the independence, unification and sovereignty of Vietnam ”

            1.2. Leaflets: Leaflets of the Peace protecting movements, movements demanding to carry out Geneva treaty.

2.     The extract from the 15 th  congress (January 1959) : The 15 th congress manifested the Vietnamese communist party ‘s the lead

3.     The Uprising:  people demolished strategic hamlets and returned to old villages.

4.     The establishment of the Southern Vietnam Liberation National Front

            4.1. The Southern Vietnam Liberation National Front establishing congress took place at Trang Chien, Tan Bien, Tay Ninh province on December 20 th 1960.

            4.2. The congress chose the an half red and an half blue with middle yellow star flag the Southern Vietnam Liberation National Front’s flag.

            4.3.  The declaration and platform of the Front called for the all of forces, classes… participating in peace demanding movements

5. The establishment of the Southern Vietnam Liberation troops

The Southern Vietnam Liberation troops Establishing ceremony  took place on February 15 th 1961.

6. Buddhist movement

6.1.Thich Quang Duc Venerable monk burnt himself protested Ngo Dinh Diem regime’s religion suppressing policy  at the interjection of Phan Dinh Phung  and Le Van Duyet streets on October  1963.

7. The last minutes of Nguyen Van Troi hero

The Prime minister of American national defence ministry, Mc Namara arrived Saigon in May 1964. Mr Nguyen Van Troi, a electricity worker got the duty assassinating him at Cong Ly bridge. However the plain was let out  Nguyen Van Troi  was arrested and sentenced capital punishment on October 15 th  1964. At the last minutes of his life, he shouted “American empire overthrow, Nguyen Khanh overthrow, Ho Chi Minh forever, Ho Chi Minh forever, Ho Chi Minh forever ”

 7.1. Identity paper and a wedding custom of Nguyen Van Troi hero.

8. American troops and allied countries’ troops invaded the South of Vietnam:

The American expeditionary corps equipped modern weapons had massed into the South Vietnam since 1965. They carried out the Local war strategy.

 9.  Cu Chi tunnel:

Cu Chi situated in the North – West Saigon, strategic zone, far 50 km from the center of Saigon, the American – Puppet regime government wanted to devastated Cu Chi, however, Cu Chi people still lived and struggled for the tunnel system length 250 km.

 

10. Mau Than offensive

Carrying out the Political board dated December 1967 “Changing the Southern revolution struggle into new period”, the Central Committee decided offensive. Six sections were erected secretly, each one had own function. The Special troops occupied the enemy’s lead offices. Armed forces such as Thanh Doan (Young), Cong Van (Worker), Phu Van (Women) attacked the enemy’s district offices. Many civil houses became secret weapon store. The attacking Order was Uncle Ho’s Mau Than Tet whishing poem. The offensive started at half past 0’ clock of January 30 th 1968 with stages: The 1st stage from January 1st to February 25 th, the second stage from May 5 th to June 15 th, the third from August 17 th to September 30 th.

10.1. American embassy was bombed by Liberation troops

10.2. Cow cart: The Duong Van Ten used for transporting weapons from Suoi Sau, Tay Ninh  to Saigon preparing for offensive

10.3. Saigon voice station

10.4. The Puppet regime’s police headquarter.

10.5. The Unification palace was attacked by the Special troops

10.6. The Mau Than offensive collections

- Two drawer - tobacco chest: used for camouflaging secret documents

-  Watch

- Lamp stand: used for camouflaging secret documents

- Ceramics pot: Comrade Vo Van Kiet used for camouflaging himself at Tam Long’s  house, Binh Chanh district.

- Two bottom – boat:  used for transporting weapons preparing for Mau Than offensive

- Suzuki motor: used for taking Comrade Nguyen Thai Son and cadres to Saigon preparing Mau Than  offensive.

- Handbag, handkerchief, business of Le Thi Rieng martyr died for the nation on Mau Than offensive.

10.7. Weapons used in Mau Than offensive:

- Gun: comrade Phan Van Tu, member of the legal liason sector used for protecting Comrade Nguyen Thai Son, the vice secretary of Saigon – Giadinh zone’s Vietnamese communist party.

- Anti – tank gun: Special task revolution soldiers used for attacking the American embassy

- Spike, knife, hoe: Saigon people used as weapons in Mau Than offensive.

 11. Saigon city movements:

11.1. Demonstrations, strikes demanding democratic right of workers of Vimitex factory, Vinayexco, Battery factory, Grall hospital..

11.2. Women congress “Civil right demanding movement”

11.3. Women Human dignity and right protecting Association

11.4. Struggles of Saigon pupil and student in period 1970 – 1972

11.5. Movement of the right to self – determination of the nation

11.6. Movement “Journalist begging”

  Because of the Nguyen Van Thieu regime’s law N0 007 dated 1974 which limited speech right, bands of journalists brought handbags, hats, sticks as beggars demonstrated to protest the law.

12. The Southern people at liberated zones and Saigon urban observed a memorial service for Ho Chi Minh president.

13. The congress established the Southern Vietnam Provisional Revolutionary government and the Advice council on June 6 th 1969 at North Tay Ninh base.

The establishment of the Southern Vietnam Provisional Revolutionary government manifested the Southern revolution’s development. Twenty three countries recognized the government.

14. Paris conference on January 27 th 1973.

After Mau Than offensive 1968, the United States president, Johnson declared that the American troops stopped devastating the Norh of Vietnam.

The Paris conference including 201 legal meetings, 45 leader meetings, 500 press meetings, 1000 interviews started on May 13 rd 1969 and ended at January 27 th 1973 at the Hall of the International conference center in Paris. Four Vietnamese delegations at the conference were the Republic Democratic Vietnam government, the Southern Vietnam Liberation National Front, the Southern Vietnam Provisional Revolutionary government and the Saigon puppet regime. The Paris conference marked the important step of Vietnamese revolution.

14.1. Paris treaty

 15.  The Southern Vietnam Provisional Revolutionary government

For urgent requirement, the Southern Vietnam Liberation National Front, The Peace and Democratic Nation Force Union, Patriotic Forces were of one mind about establishing the Southern Vietnam Provisional Revolutionary government and the Advice council on June 6 th 1969 at North Tay Ninh base.

Architect Huynh Tan Phat was the  government’s president,  Doctor Phung Van Cung and professor Nguyen Van Kiet and Nguyen Doa were the Vice president. Lawyer Nguyen Huu Tho was the president of the Advice council and lawyer Trinh Dinh Thao was the vice president.

15.1. Reminders of architect Huynh Tan Phat The president of the Southern Vietnam Provisional Revolutionary government.

15.2. Stamps, seal of the Southern Vietnam Provisional Revolutionary government.

15.3. Declaration of the Southern Vietnam Provisional Revolutionary government.

 

16.Ho Chi Minh campaign:

Seizing advantageous opportunity, the Political board decided to carry out the general offensive liberating Saigon with the slogan “Lightning, Reckless, Sudden, Victory”

16.1.      The political board’s meeting decided liberating in 1975

16.2.      Happenings  of Highland campaign, Hue campaign, Da Nang campaign from March 4 th to April 3 rd 1975.

16.2.2. Highland campaign: Revolution troops liberated Buon Me Thuot on March 13 th 1975

16.2.2. Hue, Da Nang campaign: : Revolution troops liberated Hue on March, 25 th 1975, liberated Danang on March 29 th 1975.

16.3. Leaders of Ho Chi Minh campaign

Commander: Van Tien Dung general

Political commissar: Comrade Pham Hung

Adviser: Comrade Le Duc Tho

16.4. Headquarter of Ho Chi Minh campaign at Long Xuyen  village, Ben Cat district, Binh Duong province.

                 16.4.1. Pilot Nguyen Thanh Trung who bombed the Unification palace on April 8 th 1975, the flied to liberated zone at Phuoc Long  airport.

                  16.4.2.  Liberation troops’ tank crashed into the gate of the Unification palace at half past 11 o’clock, April 30 th  1975.

                 16.4.3.   Scene recording Duong Van Minh ‘s surrender speech on April 30 th 1975.

                  16.4.4.  Top of Dinh Doc Lap’s gate was crashed by Liberation troops’ tank.

          16.5. Ho Chi Minh campaign collections:

-         Walkie – talkie PRC 25:

-         Transceiver 81 B

-         Gia Dinh  newspaper

-         Megaphone

-         Tung Yuen sewing machine.

          16.6. Foreign countries’ movements supported Vietnamese revolution.

Updated on 02-07-2013
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